The dissertation takes up the issue of dilemmas of contemporary school in the context of various dangers. It consists of the answers to the following questions: What are the ethical problems of school? What are the moral problems of a family? What traits should characterise a teacher? What mistakes of teachers should be recognised as typical? Is the extra-school education possible? ; The last question concerns the problem of mounting aggression in schools and its predictable limits. The idea of starting family system of education, parallel to school system of education, is taken up in the dissertation.