The article consists of two parts. The first more theoretic part based on opinions of such scholars as Humboldt, Iser, Ingarden, Mauser, Morris, Wygotski and Ausubel, contains considerations about the formation of layers of schematized aspects and opinions of readers in the course of reception of a literary work. The second part refers directly to didactic lessons and shows different phases and ways of shaping opinions on the base of a literary text. ; It proposes also a transformation of the represented text to another medium of expression, for instance a drawing, a division of the text into roles, a production of an adequate object or a comparison with something similar aside from the read text. In the last phase of the author's considerations he shows ways of shaping opinions during lessons on the base of treated of texts.