Deklaracje bońsko-kopenhaskie jako wzór regulacji prawnych wobec mniejszości narodowych we współczesnej Europie = The Bonn-Copenhagen declaration as a model of legislation regarding national minorities in contemporary Europe
One of the essential political questions of contemporary Europe concerns the policy of the EuropeanUnion with regards to its various national minorities and ethic groups. Relations between a majorityand minorities are often characterized by antipathy and discrimination, rather than by toleration,egality and openness to the Other. ; The following article attempts to relate the ardorous road whichled Germany and Denmark in conjunction to create legislation concerning the respective nationalminorities along their shared border. This lengthy process, having begun with the Declaration ofKiel (1949), continued with the Copenhagen Protocol (or Notat, 1949), with debates in both nationalparliaments and with both official and backroom meetings of Danish and German politicians. ; Parleying continued until the signing of the Bonn Declaration (by German Chancellor KonradAdenaur) and the Copenhagen Declaration (by Danish Prime Minister Hans Christian Hansen) in1955. In addition, the article will discuss the most important elements of both declarations, whichcreated a framework for resolving ethnic and national problems on the German-Danish border. ; The experiences of both countries regarding the development of peaceful coexistence between theirrespective majority and minorities has since led to further progress and actions leading towardintegrated equality for minorities in the social, cultural and economic life of both nations.